Jaipur, the picturesque capital of the largest state of India - Rajasthan, well known as
Pink City all over the world, is color washed pink - the color associated with hospitality in Rajput culture. It is the eleventh largest city in India at present. Built in 1727 A.D. by Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh JI, Jaipur displays a remarkable harmony and architectural splendor. The ancient heart of the Pink City still beats in its fairy-tale palaces, rugged fortresses perched on barren hills and broad avenues that dot the entire city. The only planned city of its time, Jaipur is encircled by a formidable wall.
A young Bengali architect, Vidyadhar Bhattacharya formalized the city’s plans in a grid system. The wide straight avenues, roads, streets, lanes and uniform rows of shops on either side of main bazaars were arranged in nine rectangular city sectors (Chaukris), in accordance with the principles of town planning set down in the ‘Shilpa Shastra’ - and epochal treatise on the Hindu architecture.
The abode of architectural marvels like the majestic City Palace, the splendid Jantar Mantar, the glorious Hawa Mahal, the history laced Amer Fort, Jaigarh Fort and Nahargarh Fort, the land of colorful festivities like Teej and Gangaur- the marvelous Jaipur, is a must-visit tourist destination on the itinerary of every travel buff. There is a timeless appeal to Jaipur’s colorful bazaars where one can shop for Rajasthani handlooms and trinkets. Beautifully laid out gardens and parks, attractive monuments and marvelous heritage hotels, once the residence of Maharaja’s are worth admiration. Not to mention the ambling camels and cheerful people in multi-hued costumes that make your trip to the pink city a memorable one.
||200.4 Km2(77 sq mi)
Location Distance Chart
The district is situated in the eastern part of Rajasthan. It is bound in the north by Sikar and Alwar, in South by Tonk, Ajmer and Sawai Madhopur. Nagaur, Sikar and Ajmer in the west and in east by Bharatpur and Dausa districts. Distance from major Indian cities is:
- Mumbai - 1202 Km.
- Kolkata - 1462 Km.
- New Delhi - 258 Km.
- Chennai - 2019 Km.
- Bangalore - 1985 Km.
- Hyderabad - 1443 Km.
- Ahmedabad - 657 Km.
- Pune - 1257 Km.
- Panaji, Goa - 1725 Km.
- Agra - 232 Km.
The climate of the district is dry and healthy and is subject to extremities of cold and heat during winter and summer respectively, due to proximity to the Thar Desert. The minimum and maximum temperatures recorded in the district varies from 3 to 45 degrees Celsius. Normal annual rainfall is 556 mm.
Modern infrastructural facilities in Jaipur are currently fast developing, and in many cases surpass those of larger cities like Mumbai and New Delhi. It is expanding very quickly and has become a hot spot for development in Rajasthan.
Jaipur International Airport (IATA: JAI, ICAO: VIJP), situated in the satellite town of Sanganer, belongs to the Airport Authority of India (AAI). Currently it offers sporadic service to Dubai, Muscat, Sharjah, Bangkok and Singapore. Jaipur also has well connected domestic air links with all major destinations like Mumbai, Kolkata, Delhi, Chennai, Bangalore, Hyderabad, Ahmedabad, Goa, Kochi, Indore, Raipur, Surat, Jodhpur, Udaipur, etc.
Jaipur is very well connected by rail with all major cities and towns in India. Jaipur is connected on the broad-gauge and meter gauge network of the Indian Railways. Jaipur has direct trains on the broad gauge network to cities like Mumbai, Howrah, New Delhi, Chennai, Bangalore, Secunderabad, Ahmedabad, Pune, Ernakulam, Lucknow, Indore, Kanpur, etc. across the country and to cities like Ajmer, Kota, Jodhpur, Jaisalmer, Udaipur within Rajasthan.
Jaipur being the capital of the state is a place from where you will get a bus service to all the possible regions within reach. Jaipur has 3 prominent National Highways passing through it. The National Highway No.8 links Delhi to Mumbai and forms a part of the Golden Quadrilateral. National Highway No.11 links Agra to Bikaner, while National Highway No.12 connects Jaipur to Jabalpur. The total length of different types of roads in the district was about 4,102 km as of March, 2000.
Jaipur district receives hydroelectric power from the Chambal Hydel system. 98% of the total of 2,131 villages in the district receive electricity as of March 2000.
The major rivers passing through the Jaipur district are Banas and Banganga. Ground water resources to the extent of about 28.65 million cubic meter are available in the district. Although serious drought is rare, poor water management and exploitation of groundwater with extensive tube-well systems threatens agriculture in some areas.
Jaipur district is a center for both the modern and traditional industries. The main industrial products include: Ball bearings & its components, ceramics, pottery, cold roll strips, corrugated boxes, deoiled cakes, durries, dyeing and printing, edible oil, ferrous and non-ferrous castings, gems and jewelry, general engineering and manufacturing, granite slabs and tiles, handmade paper, handicraft items, footwear, marble statues, marble tiles & slabs, readymade garments, woolen carpet, etc.
Colored gemstones & jewellery, sterling silver jewellery, brass & lacquer work, natural stones like marble & sandstone, handloom fabric, readymade garments, handicrafts & gifts items, marble statues, printed cloth and textiles, woolen and silk carpets, etc.